How Watchmaking’s Bad Boy Turned Traditional Swiss Horology on Its Head

  • Photo by Jean-Daniel Meyer
    The Crazy Skull may be de Grisogono’s boldest timepiece yet. Encrusted in approximately 23 carats of diamonds, the piece reveals a tongue set with rubies or sapphires. Photo by Jean-Daniel Meyer
  • The Crazy Skull may be de Grisogono’s boldest timepiece yet. Encrusted in approximately 23 carats of diamonds, the piece reveals a tongue set with rubies or sapphires.
  • Photo by Jean-Daniel Meyer
    Photo by Jean-Daniel Meyer
  • The Instrumento No. Uno showcases Fawaz Gruosi’s rendition of the tonneau-shaped case.
  • The Instrumento Occhio Ripetizione Minuti is defined by a hand-wound minute-repeater movement.
  • Gruosi’s Meccanico dG includes both an analog face and digital-style display driven by a patented mechanical movement.
  • Photo by Jean-Daniel Meyer
    Gruosi’s New Retro Photo by Jean-Daniel Meyer
  • Photo by Jean-Daniel Meyer
  • Photo by Jean-Daniel Meyer
  • Photo by Jean-Daniel Meyer
  • Jonathon Keats

De Grisogono’s Fawaz Gruosi has made a career out of challenging Swiss watchmaking norms.

It was not the first time Fawaz Gruosi had been called crazy, nor would it be the last. A decade ago, while returning home from an international business trip, Gruosi decided to make a mechanical wristwatch with a digital display like the electronic timetables in airports. When he described his idea to the watchmakers in his Geneva atelier, they deemed it impossible. When he insisted that they build it anyway, they threatened to quit. “They were accustomed to doing the same thing every day,” he says. “But I was not a watchmaker. I had the freedom to be creative.”

He also had the charisma to overcome their caution. He persuaded his watchmaking team to stay at de Grisogono—the high-end jewelry company he established in 1993—and to engineer an entirely new kind of module: A conventional movement drives dozens of gears and cams that control a grid of numeric segments, which are selectively flipped each minute, mechanically imitating the look of an old-fashioned liquid crystal display. “It’s insane,” Gruosi admits. “The watch has 651 parts for only one complication.” Yet in spite of the absurd complexity, or perhaps because of it, the dual-time-zone Meccanico dG won the Public Prize at the 2009 Grand Prix d’Horlogerie de Genève, placing de Grisogono alongside the top names in haute horlogerie. 

Gruosi’s delight in the recognition his company has received is matched only by his surprise. When he founded de Grisogono—after a decade of selling jewelry for Harry Winston and Bulgari—his expertise was in gemstones and his plan was to make his name with black diamonds, rare and brittle gems that few people had ever seen. “To compete with the big companies, I realized that I would have to shock people,” he says. At first he was called crazy (or worse) for featuring diamonds so atypical that some wondered whether they were real. Then, as the industry caught on to the black diamond’s exotic beauty, he was deemed prophetic by the media and jewelry industry. “The market was starving for something different,” he reflects. On the strength of his black diamond jewelry, as well as other unconventional offerings such as milky white diamonds and black gold, Gruosi opened boutiques in Europe, Asia, the Americas, and the Middle East.

The rapid expansion required that he attract more store traffic than jewelry alone could generate. “The only logical thing to do was to start selling watches,” he explains. The fact that he had designed only one timepiece, a unique black-diamond-encrusted watch for Chopard, did not give him pause. “I don’t need to sit down with a pen like other people,” he says. “My designs always come from whatever I see around me.” And since he enjoyed watching TV, the form of his first watch was inspired by the shape of his television screen.

The rectangular case of the Instrumento No. Uno stood apart from the round watches popular at the turn of the millennium. He further distinguished it with unique details that turned a straightforward time-only wristwatch into a production challenge worthy of Gruosi’s uncompromising personality. The winding stem was topped with his signature black diamond, which had to be cut to within one-tenth of a millimeter of the diameter of the industrially produced crown. Gruosi also decided that if the crown diamond was black, the ETA movement could not be silver. “It must also be black,” he decreed. That meant disassembling each one and coating every part in black PVD, or physical vapor deposition. 

But the most striking feature of the Uno was the strap. Living in Paris as a young man, Gruosi had visited a shop that sold cigar boxes covered in brightly colored stingray. Remembering it more than two decades later, he requested the luxurious material from his suppliers. “As usual, they thought I was crazy,” he says. The skins were extremely expensive and difficult to cut, and he insisted on using only the center part where the beading was most pronounced, throwing away the rest. “I followed the DNA of the jewelry in my watches,” he says. “What counts are the details. Small details can make magic.”

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