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How to Make the Perfect Martini—3 Different Ways

It's all about the ratio and the right gin or vodka.

Martini Photo: Shutterstock

Martini drinkers tend to be an opinionated bunch. That’s the nice way of saying it. Another way would be that many if not most martini drinkers—especially vodka martini drinkers—deploy a level of zealotry to their martini preferences that is usually reserved for religion, a European soccer team and day trading.

In fact, I’m willing to bet a decent percentage of you clicked on this article advertising a “perfect martini” with the sole purpose of confirming that whatever I’m about to say is wrong, because the way you like it—a double measure of Ketel One, no vermouth, shaken hard, lightly strained up so to keep the ice chips on top, with three over-stuffed blue cheese olives—now that’s the perfect martini.

Listen—I’m not here to fight with you. Vodka martinis in particular are the most extravagantly personalized drinks in the whole classic cocktail pantheon. To a bartender, the phrase “I’d like a vodka martini” isn’t so much a request as the beginning of a conversation. What kind of vodka? Shaken or stirred? Vermouth or no? Straight up or rocks? Olives or twist?

If you drink vodka martinis, I’m honestly not sure how much I can tell you that you don’t already know. It’s cold vodka. Shaking makes it colder than stirring. They usually have between no vermouth and almost no vermouth, because vermouth doesn’t really work with vodka. Vodka brands can be quite bad, but above a certain minimum quality level (roughly the $15 to $20 bottle range) they’re all going to be fine. It’s like telling someone how to make the best whiskey on the rocks. “Put it in a glass.”

Grey Goose vodka

Grey Goose vodka  Photo: Courtesy of Grey Goose


If we’re talking about gin martinis, though, there’s quite a bit more to say. At the right ratios, the aromatic complexities of gin and vermouth lock into each other like a vacuum seal, and render the cocktail’s 130-year dominance immediately clear. Gin is the traditional choice: the word “martini” more or less exclusively referred to a mixture of gin and dry vermouth for the first half of the cocktail’s life. The vodka version is a spin-off, a completely different drink with different rules, but it kept the name and therefore added confusion. It’s a bit like the word “literally,” which still means “literally” but now apparently also means “figuratively.”

In the quest for the best gin martini, you need to assess what you’re aiming for: A proper martini radiates out of the glass. It is a strong, bracing drink that nonetheless charms you with impeccable balance and clarity of flavor, a harmonic resonance that shines like a diamond when it hits just right. But that’s the problem: Every brand is different, and trial-and-erroring the right gin to vermouth ratio for each is a wasteful and intoxicating process, which is why most online recipes are so stunted. A brief digital search will yield a hopelessly diffuse range of advised ratios from 2:1 to 10:1, all from reputable sources, and almost none will tell you for which brands they’re claiming this particular truth.

In this spirit, I humbly offer a road map, based on a dozen years of professional bartending, a couple months of fervent research, and a heedless love of gin martinis. As always, no liquor companies sponsored or affected this in any way.

One small note—Dolin dry vermouth is constant as it seems to be the ideal martini vermouth across all tests, right in the Goldilocks range: bolder than the faint, mass-market ones like Noilly Prat and more lithe than the punchy, new wave ones like Mancino.

The Professional

2.25 oz. Tanqueray 10 gin or Aviation gin

0.75 oz. Dolin dry vermouth

Ratio 3:1

Tied for first place, Tanqueray 10 brings remarkably bright citrus notes to its robust backbone of juniper and pepper. Aviation is a more spice-driven drink, with the sasparilla becoming almost anise-like and a lavender echo. Both are profound experiences at 3:1 and are as good an example as any of the magic of cocktails.


Monkey 47 Distiller's Cut

Monkey 47 works perfectly in a martini.  Courtesy of Monkey 47

The Luxury Edition

2.5 oz. Monkey 47 gin

0.5 oz. Dolin dry vermouth

Ratio 5:1

Monkey 47 gin is expensive in the same way a Swiss watch is expensive: confusingly so from far away, but completely understandable once you discover what’s inside. Made with 47 botanicals and bottled at 47 percent alcohol (94 proof), it’s delicate and fascinating, with chamomile and evergreen and citrus and tea-tree and cucumber and on and on and on. It’s soft enough to stand with less vermouth, and complex enough that you’d want it to.

The Unusual Edition

1.5 oz. The Botanist gin

1.5 oz. Dolin dry vermouth

Ratio 1:1

Further proof that a recipe without specifying brands isn’t terribly useful, the Botanist, from Scotland, finds its ideal martini expression at a staggering one-to-one ratio with the vermouth. That would overwhelm most gins, but here it’s perfectly balanced with lovely plains flowers and a persistent soft juniper note. This is a wonderful and almost savory experience.

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