Though the pace of new business aircraft debuts is downright glacial, 30 years is a long time. In that span, many jets have come and gone, leaving their marks on the industry. But when it comes to jets that have truly revolutionized the sector, the list becomes much more manageable. From blistering fast models to the first ultralong-range jet, these 10 airplanes are the most significant to enter service in the last 30 years.
1993 Learjet 60
The first Learjet produced under the ownership of Bombardier is lauded for its climbing power. Three years earlier, the Canadian manufacturer had acquired the brand that built what many consider the first business jet, the circa-1964 Learjet 23.
1996 Cessna Citation X
Some suggest this model was designed in part to put to rest the idea that Citation models are slow aircraft. The Citation X boasts a maximum cruising speed of 604 mph and a maximum operating speed of 700 mph. Cessna calls it the world’s fastest civilian aircraft. Arnold Palmer takes delivery of the first Citation X.
1997 Gulfstream GV
Capable of flying nearly 7,500 miles nonstop, the GV is the first ultralong-range business jet. It can fly as fast as 577 mph and as high as 51,000 feet, and travel from New York to Tokyo without refueling (although it might be close).
1999 Boeing Business Jet
The BBJ, a variant of Boeing’s 737 airliner, elevates business-jet travel to an unprecedented level of luxury with a cabin that can include a bedroom, a boardroom, and a bathroom with a shower.
1999 Bombardier Global Express
The first of the large-cabin ultralong-range business jets, the Global Express has a spacious 40-foot cabin that can comfortably accommodate 13 passengers, and its range enables nonstop flights from New York to Tokyo.
2006 Eclipse 500
Eclipse Aviation delivers 261 examples of the 500 before the company succumbs to financial woes caused by the Great Recession, releasing only five more before it ceases production. Nevertheless, the aircraft is the first of the first very light (or personal) jets.
2007 Dassault Falcon 7X
The 7X is the first fully fly-by-wire business jet, and it’s the first business jet designed entirely using a digital virtual platform, significantly shortening the concept-to-completion process.
2008 Embraer Phenom 100
The Phenom 100 entry-level jet is the first clean-sheet design business jet from the Brazilian airliner manufacturer. It is quickly followed by the larger Phenom 300, which will become the world’s most-delivered business jet from 2013 through 2016.
2008 Bombardier Challenger 300
The super-midsize jet enters service as part of the Flexjet fractional fleet, and over the ensuing decade—before it is replaced by the Challenger 350—it becomes valued as a reliable workhorse. By the end of 2014, the 448 examples in service collectively earned a 99.79 percent dispatch reliability rate—meaning they are ready to fly whenever owners want them in the air.
2012 Gulfstream G650
With a cruising speed of 561 mph and a top operating speed of 610.5 mph, the G650 is billed by Gulfstream as the world’s fastest ultralong-range business jet. In addition to speed, the aircraft boasts a range of more than 8,000 miles and a cabin that can accommodate 18 passengers in four distinct living areas. Over the next six years, Gulfstream will deliver more than 300 examples of the G650 and its longer-range variant, the G650ER.
Note: Dates refer to when the aircraft entered service.
Aircraft selections were made with input from Robb Report Private Aviation Advisory Board members Peter Agur of the VanAllen Group, James Butler of Shaircraft Solutions, Kevin O’Leary of JetAdvisors, and Lee Rohde of Essex Aviation Group. Visit robbreport.com/private-aviation-advisory-board for more information.